Saturday, July 20, 2019

Long ReadHere, usingjoomla.com would like to provide a list of abbreviations that you might see or hear about in your website journey.

The abbreviations and what they stand for are listed here in alphabetical order based on the first letter of the abbreviation.

Some of these abbreviations may not be come across very often, if at all. Others, if you read articles or help forums, you may encounter more often.

Do you need to understand any, or all, of them - not really - but if you want to understand more about what goes on "under the hood" of either Joomla and/or hosting then there may be benefits in developing an understanding.

This list will be updated over time, however if we have missed any out - feel free to let us know.

Some of these abbreviations are used in areas other than web design, web hosting, or associated programming - but because they are exclusively used in these areas or in these areas as well as other areas we have included them here.

Some abbreviations are indirectly associated with web design and web-hosting such as when you manage your domain name, and/or website mail, though when it comes to setting up your website mail I am confident that a good web-host will advise or help you - once you become familiar with the process and terminology.


Numerical index:

Select a number to go straight to that numbered section.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0


Alphabetical index:

Select a letter to go straight to that lettered section.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Abbreviations beginning with a numeral


1

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2

2LD = 2nd Level Domain (Second Level Domain)

2FA = 2 Factor Authentication (Two Factor Authentication)

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3

3LD = 3rd Level Domain (Third Level Domain)

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4

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5

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6

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7

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8

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9

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0

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Abbreviations beginning with a letter


A

ACL = Access Control Layer (Access Control Level)

ACSS = Atomic Cascading Style Sheet(s)

AJAX = Asynchronous Javascript And XML

AMP = Accelerated Mobile Pages

API = Application Programming Interface

ARIA = Accessible Rich Internet Application

ARPA = Address and Routing Parameter Area

ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange

AWS = Amazon Web Services

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B

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C

CA = Certificate Authority

CAPTCHA = Completely Automated Public Turing Test (to) Tell Computers (and) Humans Apart

ccSLD = country code Second Level Domain

ccTLD = country code Top level Domain (Read more about ccTLDs)

CDN = Content Delivery Network (or: Content Distribution Network)

CGI = Computer Generated Imagery, or . . .

CGI = Common Gateway Interface

CLI = Command Line Interface

CNAME = Canonical Name

cPanel = Control Panel

CMS = Content Management System

CORS = Cross-Origin Resource Sharing

CRO = Conversion Rate Optimisation

CSRF = Cross Site Request Forgery

CSS = Cascading Style Sheet(s)

CSSOM = Cascading Style Sheet(s) Object Model

CSV = Comma Separated Variable

CTA = Call To Action

CTR = Click Through Rate

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D

db = DataBase / database

DBMS = DataBase Management System

DDNS = Dynamic Domain Name Server

DDoS = Distributed Denial of Service

DFI = Direct File Inclusion

DHTML = Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language

DKIM = Domain Keys Identified Mail

DNS = Domain Name Server (Also: Domain Name System) (Also: Domain Name Service)

DoS = Denial of Service

DOM = Document Object Model

DSS = Data Security Standard

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E

ETag = Entity Tag

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F

FQDN = Fully Qualified Domain Name

FTP = File Transfer Protocol

FTPS = File Transfer Protocol Secure

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G

gccTLD = generic country code Top Level Domain (Read more about Generic Top Level Domains)

geoTLD = geographical Top Level Domain (Read more about geoTLDs)

GIF = Graphical Interchange Format

GPL = General Public Licence

GNU = GNU's Not Unix

grTLD = generic restricted Top Level Domain (See also: rgTLD)

gTLD = generic Top Level Domain (Read more about Generic Top Level Domains)

GZip = GNU Zip

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H

href = hypertext reference

HSTS = HTTP Strict Transport Security

HTM = Hyper Text Markup

HTML = Hyper Text Markup Language

HTTP = Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

HTTPS = Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure

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I

IANA = Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

ICANN = Internet Corporation (for) Assigned Names (and) Numbers

IDNs = Internationalised Domain Names

IIS = Internet Information Server

IMAP = Internet Message Access Protocol

IP = Internet Protocol

IPv4 = Internet protocol version 4

IPv6 = Internet Protocol version 6

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J

JCE = Joomla Content Editor (This is the name of a well known Joomla Content Editor provided at JoomlaContentEditor.net)

JED = Joomla Extension Directory

JPEG = Joint Photographic Experts Group

JS = JavaScript

js = javascript

JSAS = Joomla Stand Alone Server

JSON = JavaScript Object Notation

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K

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L

LAMP = Linux Apache MySQL PHP/Python/Perl

LDAP = Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LTR (ltr) = Left To Right (left to right)

LXC = LinuX Container

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M

MAMP = Mac-OS Apache MySQL PHP

MB = MultiByte (Also: MegaByte)

MFA = Multi Factor Authentication

MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension

Min (min) = Minified (minified)

MUA = Malicious User Agent

MySQL = My* Structured Query Language ( * The name given to the daughter of MySQL's co-founder)

MX = Mail exchange

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N

NS = Name Server

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O

OAuth = Open Authentication

OS = Operating System

OS = Open Source

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P

PCI = Payment Card Industry

PCI DSS = Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard

PHP = Pre Hypertext Processor (sometimes referred to as: Hypertext Pre-Processor)

PNG = Portable Networks Graphic

PQDN = Partially Qualified Domain Name

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Q

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R

RAM = Random Access Memory

RDBMS = Relational DataBase Management System

RegEx = Regular Expressions

RFI = Remote File Inclusion

RSS = Really Simple Syndication

RTL (rtl) = Right To left (right to left)

rgTLD = restricted generic Top Level Domain

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S

SCGI = Simple Common Gateway Interface

SCSS = Sass Cascading Style Sheets (also: Sassy Cascading Style Sheets)

SEF = Search Engine Friendly

SEF URL = Search Engine Friendly Uniform Resource Locator

SEO = Search Engine Optimisation

SFTP = Secure File Transfer Protocol

SLD = Second Level Domain

SMTP = Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SQLi = Structured Query Language injection

SSD = Solid State Drive

SSE = Server Side Encryption

SSH = Secure Shell

SSI = Server Side Includes

SSL = Secure Socket(s) Layer

sTLD = Sponsored Top Level Domain (Read more about Sponsored Top Level Domains )

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T

TLD = Top level Domain

tTLD = Test Top Level Domain(s)

TLS = Transport Layer Security

TTB = Top To Bottom

TTFB = Time To First Byte

TTL = Time To Live

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U

URI = Universal Resource Identifier

URL = Uniform Resource Locator

URN = Uniform Resource Name

UTF = Unicode Transformation Format (For example: UTF-8)

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V

VEL = Vulnerable Extension(s) List

VPS = Virtual Private Server

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W

W3C = World Wide Web Consortium

WAF = Web Application Firewall

WAMP = Windows Apache MySQL PHP/Python/Perl

WHM = Web Host Manager

WSGI = Web Server Gateway Interface

WWC = World Wide Consortium

WWW = World Wide Web

WYSIWYG = What You See Is What You Get

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X

XAMPP = cross-platform Apache MariaDB PHP/Perl

XHTML = eXtensible Hyper Text Markup Language

XHTTP = eXtended Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

XML = eXtensible Markup Language

XML-RPC =  eXtensible Markup Language Remote Procedure Call

XSS = Cross Site Scripting

XSLT = eXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformation

XST = Cross Site Tracing

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Y

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Z

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