The Joomla Content Management System (CMS) lets you create web-pages of various types using extensions.

ListThere are 8 basic types of Extensions

The default installation of Joomla includes the Extensions you need to create a basic website in English, but thousands of additional Extensions of all types are available.

Each of the Extensions has a specific function.

If you take a look at the UsingJoomla.com Menu near the top of most pages you will see a Menu Item for each of the following:

  • ComponentComponents
  • ModuleModules
  • PluginPlugins

Each of these Menu Items explains a bit about each of the default Joomla Components, Modules and Plugins.

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ComponentComponents

Components tend to be the most complex of the Joomla Extensions and have two "parts":

  • A site (front-end) part
  • an Administrator part

An extension can comprise of any one or more of the following: component, plugin(s), and/or module(s).

A component may include its own plugins and/or its own modules.

Or an extension can simply be only a plugin, or only a module.

To Manage components and extensions - commonly, to: Install, Update, Uninstall - you need to visit your website Administrator area. Your components, once installed, are accessible through your Joomla administrator area.

Your components, once installed, are accessible through your Joomla! administrator area 'Components' menu tab in order to configure them.

moreRead more of our articles about Components

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ModuleModules

Modules are small blocks of content that can be displayed in positions of a web-page.

For example, the menu and site logo of UsingJoomla.com are modules that occupy Module positions.

The core of Joomla includes 24 separate Modules ranging from Login to Search, to random images.

If a Module is not needed on any page it can simply be unpublished. Alternatively, if a Module is to appear on one or more specific page - the Module Manager in the administrator area can be used to assign the Module to the required page(s).

Module positions are usually determined by your template and the naming of those positions are not necessarily "universal" - what one template calls "sidebar-a" another might call "left".

Multiple Modules can usually be assigned to a module position, and the order of multiple modules can be determined by you - your website designer/administrator.

HelpHelp

Linking SmallModules

Linking SmallModules - Options

moreRead more of our articles about Modules

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PluginPlugins

Plugins are small task orientated extensions that enhance the Joomla framework.

Most plugins are associated with particular, specific extensions - perhaps best seen as 'event handlers' - when an event is triggered the associated plugins will then handle that event such as filtering words, installing or uninstalling a plugin/module/extension/component/package/template.

HelpHelp

Linking SmallPlugins

Linking SmallPlugin - Options

moreRead more of our articles about Plugins

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P PackagePackage

Confused yet ?

Do not despair - as you become more familiar with Joomla you will soon be showing and teaching others how to use this great Content Management System - or simply using it for yourself with much more confidence.

A package is an installable extension which comprises at least two of: component, plugin, module.

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T TemplatesTemplates

A template is a type of Joomla extension that determines the look and feel of your web site.

There are two types of template:

  • Front-end templates
  • Back-end templates

Front-end templates determine the look and feel of your website as shown to and seen by your website visitors.

Back-end templates on the other hand determine the look and feel of the administrator area of your website.

The default install of Joomla comes with one or two templates for each of the front-end and back-end giving you something to start your journey with.

In your Joomla administrator area, Templates are accessed for setting up / editing in your Joomla Administrator area.

HelpHelp

Linking SmallTemplates

Linking SmallTemplates - Styles

Linking SmallTemplate - Options

Linking SmallTemplates - Edit Style

Linking SmallTemplates - Customise

Linking SmallTemplates - Customise Source

moreRead another article about Templates

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LanguageLanguages

Joomla installs in English (GB) (en-GB) by default but translations of the interface, sample data, and help screens are available in a number of languages.

If there is no language pack available for your language, instructions are available for creating your own translation, which you can contribute to the community by starting a translation team to create an accredited translation.

Translations of the interfaces are installed using the extensions manager in the administrator interface.

If you have two or more languages installed you may enable the language switcher plugin and module (both the plugin and the module must be used together). By default the plugin and module are disabled.

If you create multilingual content and mark your content, menu items or modules as being in specific languages and follow the specific instructions your visitors will be able to select a specific content language using the module.

Joomla Installable Language packs are available in the following Languages. Do note than a number of these translations may be at various stages of completeness - they are often produced by volunteers who contribute the translation pack to the Joomla community.

Below are the currently available Language Packs (also known as 'translations') for

At time of writing this, Joomla 4 is relatively new and Joomla 5.x is very, very new - therefore not all of the Translation Languages that were available for Joomla 3 are available (yet) for Joomla 4 or Joomla 5.

J4Joomla 4.x Language Pack List By Language

J4Joomla 4.x Language Pack List By Language
Language
(+ variant if applicable)
ISO 639-1
Language Code
A
J4

Africaans
(South Africa / Zuid Afrika)

af-ZA

Arabic
(Unitag)

ar-AA
B
J4

Basque
Euskara

(Spain / España)

eu-ES

Belarusian
(Belarus)

be-BY

Bulgarian
(Bulgaria)

bg-BG
C
J4

Catalan
(Spain / España)

ca-ES

Chinese
(Simplified)
(China)

zh-CN

Chinese
(Traditional)
(Taiwan)

zh-TW

Croatian
(Croatia)

hr-HR

Cymreig
(Welsh)
(Wales / Cymru - Great Britain)

cy-GB

Czech
(Czech Republic)

cs-CZ
D
J4

Danish
(Denmark)

da-DK

Dutch
(Netherlands / Nederland)

nl-NL
E
J4

English
(Australia)

en-AU

English
(Canada)

en-CA

English
(New Zealand)

en-NZ

English
(United States of America)

en-US

Esperanto

eo-XX

Estonian
(Estonia)

et-EE

Euskara / Basque
(Spain / España)

eu-ES
F
J4

Farsi
(Persian)
(Iran)

fa-IR

Finnish
(Finland)

fi-FI

Flemmish
(Belgium)

nl-BE

French
(Canada)

fr-CA

French
(France)

fr-FR
G
J4

Gaelic / Gaeilge
(Irish)
(Republic of Ireland)

ga-IE

Georgian
(Georgia)

ka-GE

German
(Austria)

de-AT

German
(Germany / Deutschland)

de-DE

German
(Liechtenstein)

de-LI

German
(Luxembourg)

de-LU

German
(Switzerland / Confoederatio Helvetica)

de-CH

Greek
(Greece)

el-GR
H
J4

Hebrew
(Israel)

he-IL

Hungarian
(Hungary)

hu-HU
I
J4

Indonesian
(Indonesia)
(Bahasa Indonesia)

id-ID

Irish / Gaeilge
(Republic of Ireland)

ga-IE

Italian
(Italy)

it-IT
J
J4

Japanese
(Japan)

ja-JP
K
J4

Kazakh
(Kazakhstan)

kk-KZ

Khmer
(Cambodia)

km-KH

Korean
(Korea)

ko-KR
L
J4

Latvian
(Latvia)

lv-LV

Lithuanian
(Lithuania)

lt-LT
M
J4

Macedonian
(Macedonia)

mk-MK
N
J4

Norwegian
(Bokmål)
(Norway)

nb-NO
O
J4

There are no languages here - yet

P
J4

Pashto
(Afghanistan)

ps-AF

Persian
(Farsi)
(Iran)

fa-IR

Polish
(Poland)

pl-PL

Portuguese
(Brazil)

pt-BR

Portuguese
(Portugal)

pt-PT
Q
J4

There are no languages here - yet

R
J4

Romanian
(Romania)

ro-RO

Russian
(Russia)

ru-RU
S
J4

Serbian
(Cryllic)
(Serbia)

sr-RS

Serbian
(Latin)
(Serbia)

sr-YU

Slovak
(Slovakia)

sk-SK

Slovenian
(Slovenia)

sl-SL

Spanish
(Spain / España)

es-ES

Swahili
(Kenya)

sw-KE

Swedish
(Sweden)

sv-SE
T
J4

Tamil
(India)

ta-IN

Thai
(Thailand)

th-TH

Turkish
(Turkey)

tr-TR
U
J4

Ukrainian
(Ukraine)

uk-UA
V
J4

Vietnamese
(Vietnam)

vi-VN
W
J4

Welsh
(Cymreig)
(Wales / Cymru - Great Britain)

cy-GB
X
J4

There are no languages here - yet

Y
J4

There are no languages here - yet

Z
J4

There are no languages here - yet

Note Pin WhiteNotes

Language Translations / Packs are available of the interfaces, sample data and help screens.

Your created content on Multilingual websites may require additional set-up.

Hot Tip 500 x 500Important
Do not delete the default language files (for example, with FTP) - doing so will create errors on both the Frontend and Backend.

HelpHelp

J4Joomla 4 Language Related Help Resources
Linking SmallLanguages - Options

Linking SmallLanguages - Content

Linking SmallLanguages - Installed

Linking SmallLanguages - Overrides

Linking SmallExtensions - Languages

Linking SmallMultilingual Associations

Linking SmallLanguages - Edit Override

Linking SmallModules - Language Switcher

Linking SmallMultilingual Associations - Edit

Linking SmallLanguages - Edit Content Language

Linking SmallAdministrator Modules - Multilingual Status

Linking SmallExtensions - Extension Manager - Languages

Article Navigation Assistant

J4Go to top of Joomla 4 language pack list
J5 - Joomla 5Go to top of Joomla 5 Language pack list
J5 - Joomla 5Go to Article List of Extensions
Back To Top UJGo to top of page

J5Joomla 5.x Language Pack List By Language

J5Joomla 5.x Language Pack List By Language
Language
(+ variant if applicable)
ISO 639-1
Language Code
A
J5

Africaans
(South Africa / Zuid Afrika)

af-ZA

Arabic
(Unitag)

ar-AA
B
J5

Basque
Euskara

(Spain / España)

eu-ES

Belarusian
(Belarus)

be-BY

Bulgarian
(Bulgaria)

bg-BG
C
J5

Catalan
(Spain / España)

ca-ES

Chinese
(Simplified)
(China)

zh-CN

Chinese
(Traditional)
(Taiwan)

zh-TW

Croatian
(Croatia)

hr-HR

Cymreig
(Welsh)
(Wales / Cymru - Great Britain)

cy-GB

Czech
(Czech Republic)

cs-CZ
D
J5

Danish
(Denmark)

da-DK

Dutch
(Netherlands / Nederland)

nl-NL
E
J5

English
(Australia)

en-AU

English
(Canada)

en-CA

English
(New Zealand)

en-NZ

English
(United States of America)

en-US

Esperanto

eo-XX

Estonian
(Estonia)

et-EE

Euskara / Basque
(Spain / España)

eu-ES
F
J5

Farsi
(Persian)
(Iran)

fa-IR

Finnish
(Finland)

fi-FI

Flemmish
(Belgium)

nl-BE

French
(Canada)

fr-CA

French
(France)

fr-FR
G
J5

Gaelic / Gaeilge
(Irish)
(Republic of Ireland)

ga-IE

Georgian
(Georgia)

ka-GE

German
(Austria)

de-AT

German
(Germany / Deutschland)

de-DE

German
(Liechtenstein)

de-LI

German
(Luxembourg)

de-LU

German
(Switzerland / Confoederatio Helvetica)

de-CH

Greek
(Greece)

el-GR
H
J5

Hebrew
(Israel)

he-IL

Hungarian
(Hungary)

hu-HU
I
J5

Indonesian
(Indonesia)
(Bahasa Indonesia)

id-ID

Irish / Gaeilge
(Republic of Ireland)

ga-IE

Italian
(Italy)

it-IT
J
J5

Japanese
(Japan)

ja-JP
K
J5

Kazakh
(Kazakhstan)

kk-KZ

Khmer
(Cambodia)

km-KH

Korean
(Korea)

ko-KR
L
J5

Latvian
(Latvia)

lv-LV

Lithuanian
(Lithuania)

lt-LT
M
J5

Macedonian
(Macedonia)

mk-MK
N
J5

Norwegian
(Bokmål)
(Norway)

nb-NO
O
J5

There are no languages here - yet

P
J5

Pashto
(Afghanistan)

ps-AF

Persian
(Farsi)
(Iran)

fa-IR

Polish
(Poland)

pl-PL

Portuguese
(Brazil)

pt-BR

Portuguese
(Portugal)

pt-PT
Q
J5

There are no languages here - yet

R
J5

Romanian
(Romania)

ro-RO

Russian
(Russia)

ru-RU
S
J5

Serbian
(Cryllic)
(Serbia)

sr-RS

Serbian
(Latin)
(Serbia)

sr-YU

Slovak
(Slovakia)

sk-SK

Slovenian
(Slovenia)

sl-SL

Spanish
(Spain / España)

es-ES

Swahili
(Kenya)

sw-KE

Swedish
(Sweden)

sv-SE
T
J5

Tamil
(India)

ta-IN

Thai
(Thailand)

th-TH

Turkish
(Turkey)

tr-TR
U
J5

Ukrainian
(Ukraine)

uk-UA
V
J5

Vietnamese
(Vietnam)

vi-VN
W
J4

Welsh
(Cymreig)
(Wales / Cymru - Great Britain)

cy-GB
X
J5

There are no languages here - yet

Y
J5

There are no languages here - yet

Z
J5

There are no languages here - yet

Note Pin WhiteNotes

Language Translations / Packs are available of the interfaces, sample data and help screens.

Your created content on Multilingual websites may require additional set-up.

Hot Tip 500 x 500Important
Do not delete the default language files (for example, with FTP) - doing so will create errors on both the Frontend and Backend.

HelpHelp

J5Joomla 5 Language Related Help Resources
Linking SmallLanguages - Options

Languages - Content

Linking SmallLanguages - Installed

Linking SmallLanguages - Overrides

Linking SmallExtensions - Languages

Linking SmallMultilingual Associations

Linking SmallLanguages - Edit Override

Multilingual Associations - Edit

Linking SmallSite Modules - Language Switcher

Linking SmallMultilingual Associations - Options

Linking SmallLanguages - Edit Content Language

Linking SmallAdministrator Modules - Multilingual Status

Article Navigation Assistant

J4Go to top of Joomla 4 language pack list
J5 - Joomla 5Go to top of Joomla 5 Language pack list
J5 - Joomla 5Go to Article List of Extensions
Back To Top UJGo to top of page

Further reading - you may want to read our article about Linking SmallMultilingual Associations


L LibrariesLibraries

Libraries tend to be PHP libraries that bring extra functionality for a Module, Component or Plugin to work correctly.

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F FilesFiles

A File is a single page file that is installed - usually as part of a Component, Module, Plugin or Package installation anywhere within Joomla but is usually strategically placed within the corresponding Component, Module or Plugin - each may contain multiple single-page Files.

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