Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Long ReadHere UsingJoomla.com lists, alphabetically, a number of Generic Top Level Domain extensions. Also referred to as: gTLD.

Since the original generic Top Level Domains came into existence, many more have been born.

The original TLDs predate the formation of ICANN - the International Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers

Some domain extensions have no restrictions on who can register the domain, while other domain names have their domain name authority place restrictions on who can register domains within their control.

If there is any restriction - we place a superscript restricted (e.g: coop restricted ) against the TLD

Before deciding on a generic specific domain extension you are advised to find out what, if any, restrictions are applicable.

Food for thought:

If you are able to register a generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) you might consider your association with, or expertise in what the domain represents.

For example, if you have a beauty business, would yourname.beauty (yourname [dot] beauty) be suitable for you? Of course - replace "yourname" with your given name. For example, if your name is Sarah: sarahs.beauty

Or, if you run a cafe, perhaps something along the lines of yourname.cafe (your name [dot] cafe, might be an option, for example if your name is David: davids.cafe

You might want to choose a generic Top Level Domain if you have an affinity with a target market.

Please note that not all of the following gTLD extensions are available to register immediately, and not all Domain Registrars are able to accommodate registration of some, any, or all domain extensions. So if you have an interest in a particular generic Top Level Domain (gTLD or TLD) you may find it necessary to shop-around a number of Domain Registrars.

The purpose of providing this list here is to give you some "food-for-thought" in what might be possible.

The gTLD extension usually appears at the end of your domain name.

New Domain Names are being launched at any given time.

The Domain Name launching process is typically in three phases - each phrase can be given different names but typically you will see, or hear, of the following three phase names:

  1. Sunrise Phase (also known as the:Trademark Holder Phase) - lasting at least 30 days. This gives Trademark holders (as registered with the Trademark Clearinghouse) to register a Domain Name that matches their trademark;
  2. Landrush Phase (also known as: Early Access Period, or Pre-registration period) - this usually follows the Landrush Phase giving non-trademark holders an opportunity to register a domain name. If more than one person, business, company, or entity attempts to register the same domain name an auction can be held to determine who is able to finally be the registrant. This phase may sometimes run at the same time as (that is: parallel with) the Sunrise Phase. This phase is not mandatory and the launch process may go straight to the General Availability Phase after the Sunrise Phase;
  3. General Availability Phase - This is an open ended phase and is when Domain Names are generally registered on a first-come-first-served basis.

This article is provided in good faith and believed to be correct at time of writing. We shall update this article as we become aware of additions or changes.

At time of writing, some of the Top Level Domain names listed are in different stages of the Domain Name process - not all are in the General Availability Phase so if something is attractive to you then you might need to pay a premium to secure your preferred Domain Name.

We also have a separate list of geographic Top Level Domains (geoTLD) - but we list those here in this list as well and have super-scripted them geoTLD


Alphabetical index: select a letter to go straight to that lettered section.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Original Top level Domains (TLDs)

Extension Use
.com
Commercial

.edu
Education

.gov
USA Government Agencies

.int
International Organisations

.mil
USA Military

.net
Network

.org
Organisation

AlphabetBack up to alphabetical index

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A


.abogado * restricted

abogado: Spanish for: Attorney


.abudhabi geoTLD

Abū Ẓabī
Abu Dhabi
Capital of: the United Arab Emirates


.academy


.accountant


.accountants


.active


.actor


.ads


.adult restricted


.aero restricted

Aerospace related


.africa geoTLD

Africa
The continent of: Africa



.agency


.airforce


.alsace geoTLD

Alsace: région de France
Alsace: Region of France


.amsterdam geoTLD

Amsterdam
Amsterdam: city in The Netherlands



.analytics


.and


.android


.antivirus


.apartments


.app


.aquitaine geoTLD

Aquitaine
Région d'Aquitaine

Region of Aquitaine
the French region of Aquitaine
la région Française d'Aquitaine


.arab geoTLD


.archi restricted

Architects


.are


.army


.art


.arte restricted

ARTE: Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne
(Association Relative to European Television)



.asia geoTLD

Asia
The continent of: Asia



.associates


.attorney


.auction


.audible


.author


.auto


.autoinsurance


.autos

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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B


.baby


.band


.bank restricted

Banking


.banque restricted

Banque: French for: bank


.bar


.barcelona geoTLD restricted

Barcelona
Barcelona: city in Spain

Barcelona: ciudad en España


.barefoot


.bargains


.baseball


.basketball


.bayern geoTLD

Bayern
Freistaat Bayern

the Free State of Bavaria
Bayern / Bavaria region of Germany


.bcn

Barcelona
Not believed to be publicly available


.beats


.beauty


.beer


.berlin geoTLD

Berlin
Berlin: city in Germany

Berlin: Stadt in Deutschland


.best


.bestbuy


.bet


.bible


.bid


.bike


.bingo


.bio

Originally intended for use by Organic Agriculture movements


.biz restricted


.black


.blackfriday


.blockbuster


.blog


.blue


.boats


.bom

Bom: Portuguese for: Good


.boo


.book


.booking


.boots


.boston geoTLD

Boston
Boston: City in the State of Massachusetts, United States of America



.bot


.boutique


.box


.broadway


.broker


.brussels geoTLD

Brussels
Brussels: city in Belgium


Brussel
Bruxelles
Brussels-Capital Region
Région de Bruxelles-Capitale
Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest

or

Stad Brussel
Brussel-Stad
Bruxelles-Ville
Region of Brussels
Ville de Bruxelles


.budapest geoTLD

Budapest
Budapest: capital city of Hungary

Budapest: Magyarország fővárosa


.build


.builders


.business


.buy


.buzz


.bzh restricted

bzh

Brittany in Breton language is: Breizh

Intended use Breton culture and language. Brittany region of France
Usage prévu Culture et langue bretonnes. Bretagne région Française

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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C


.cab


.cafe


.call


.cam


.camera


.camp


.cancerresearch


.capetown geoTLD

Kaapstad
Capetown
Motse Kapa
Kaapstad: Stad in Suid-Afrika
Cape Town: City in South Africa


.capital


.car


.caravan


.cards


.care


.career


.careers


.carinsurance


.cars


.casa

Casa: Italian for "home" "house" or "household"


.case


.cash


.casino


.cat geoTLD

Cataluña
Catalonia
Region of Catalonia, Spain. Catalan Language

Región de Cataluña, España. Lengua Catalana


.catalonia geoTLD

Cataluña
Catalonia
Catalunya
Catalonha
Región de Cataluña, España
Region of catalonia, Spain
Catalonia: (autonomous) region in Spain


.catering


.catholic


.center


.ceo

Chief Executive Officer(s)


.cern restricted

CERN
The European Organization for Nuclear Research

Organisation Européenne pour la recherche nucléaire


.cfd

Used for information about: Contracts For Difference - CFD


.channel


.charity


.chat


.cheap


.christmas


.church


.cipriani


.circle


.city


.claims


.cleaning


.click


.clinic


.clinique

Clinique: French for: "hospital" "clinic"


.clothing


.cloud


.club


.coach


.codes


.coffee


.college


.cologne geoTLD

Köln
Kölle
Cologne
Cologne: city in Germany
Köln: Stadt in Deutschland


.community


.company


.compare


.computer


.condos


.construction


.consulting


.contact


.contractors


.cooking


.cool


.coop restricted

Cooperatives


.corp

Corporation(s)


.corsica geoTLD

Corse
Corsica
the Island of Corsica

la Collectivité territoriale de Corse
a Collettività Territoriale di Corsica
the Territorial collectivity of Corsica


.country


.coupon


.coupons


.courses


.credit


.creditcard


.cricket


.cruise


.cruises


.cymru geoTLD

Cymru
Cymru: Welsh for "Wales"


restricted = registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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D


.dad


.dance


.data


.date


.dating


.day


.dds

Doctor(s) of Dental Surgery


.deal


.dealer


.deals


.degree


.delivery


.democrat


.dental


.dentist


.desi

Hindi: देसी

Reflecting the cultures and peoples of some south Asian countries such as:
  • India;
  • Nepal;
  • Pakistan;
  • Sri Lanka;
  • Bangladesh;

.design


.dev


.diamonds


.diet


.digital


.direct


.directory


.discount


.dish


.diy

Do It Yourself


.docs


.doctor


.dog


.doha geoTLD

Doha
Doha: Capital city of the State of Qatar



.domains


.dot


.download


.drive


.dubai geoTLD

Dubai
Dubai: city in the United Arab Emirates



.duck


.durban geoTLD

Durban
Durban: stad in Suid-Afrika

Durban: city in South Africa

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain

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E


.earth


.eat


.eco restricted

Ecology
Environmental uses


.education


.email


.energy


.engineer


.engineering


.enterprises


.epost

German for "email" is: epost


.equipment


.esq restricted


.estate


.eus

From the Basque word euskara, meaning Basque language


.events


.exchange


.expert


.exposed


.express

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.

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F


.fail


.faith


.family


.fan


.fans


.farm


.farmers


.fashion


.fast


.feedback


.film


.final


.finance


.financial


.financialaid


.fire


.fish


.fishing


.fit


.fitness


.flights


.florist


.flowers


.fly restricted


.foo


.food


.foodnetwork


.football


.forsale


.forum


.foundation


.free


.frl

Fryslân

Fryslân in West-Fries, een van de twaalf provincies in Nederland

Fryslân in West Frisian, one of twelve provinces in the Netherlands

.frl GeoTLD targeting the Frisian people of Friesland and Frisians living
in other parts of The Netherlands and abroad who identify themselves
with the Frisian culture



.frontdoor


.fun


.fund


.furniture


.futbol

futbol: Spanish for "football"


.fyi

For Your Information

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.

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G


.gal geoTLD

Galacia
Galacia: regions between Central and Eastern Europe



.gallery


.game


.games


.garden


.gay


.gdn

No official use - but could reference: Global Domain Name


.gent geoTLD

Gent
Ghent
City of: Gent. In English spelt as: Ghent, in Belgium
Gent / Ghent: city, and a municipality, in the Flemish region of Belgium


.gift


.gifts


.gives


.glass


.global


.gmbh

Company with limited liability
German: Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung
Only for Business in countries using the gmbh as part of their corporate name


.gold


.golf


.got


.graphics


.gratis

Gratis: Spanish for "Free"


.green conditions


.gripe


.grocery


.group


.guide


.guitars


.guru

conditions = Conditions apply.
geoTLD = geographical Top Level Domain.

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H


.hair


.halal


.hamburg geoTLD

Hamburg
Hamburg: City in Germany

Hamburg: Stadt in Deutschland


.hangout


.haus

Haus: German for "house"


.health


.healthcare


.heart


.help


.helsinki geoTLD

Helsinki
Helsinki: Capital city of Finland

Helsinki: pääkaupunki Suomessa


.here


.hiphop


.hiv

Human Immunodeficiency Virus(es)


.hockey


.holdings


.holiday


.home


.homegoods


.homes


.homesense


.horse


.hospital


.host


.hosting


.hot


.hotel


.hoteles

Hoteles: Spanish for "hotels"


.hotels


.house


.how

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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I


.ice


.icu


.ieee

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


.immo

The term "immo" is an abbreviation of the words:
  • immobili (Italian)
  • Immobilier (French),
  • Immobilien (German),
which mean Real Estate in those respective languages


.immobilien

Real Estate
Immobilien: German for "real estate"


.inc

For use with Incorporated businesses


.indians


.industries


.ink


.institute


.insurance


.insure


.international


.investments


.irish

Irish
Could be used to promote an Irish brand, Irish culture or Irish heritage



.islam


.ismaili


.istanbul geoTLD

Istanbul
Istanbul: city in Turkey

İstanbul: Türkiye'de şehir

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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J


.jetzt

jetzt: German for "now"


.jewelry


.jobs restricted


.joburg geoTLD

Jo'burg
Joburg: city of Johannesburg, South Africa



.jot


.joy


.juegos

juegos: Spanish for "games"

restricted = Restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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K


.kaufen

kaufen: German for "buy" or "to buy"


.ketchup


.kid


.kids


.kim


.kinder

kinder: German for "children"


.kitchen


.kiwi geoTLD

Colloquial name given a New Zealander or person of New Zealand


.koeln geoTLD

Koeln
Koeln: German for the German city of: Cologne



.kosher


.krd geoTLD

Kurdistan region of Iraq

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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L


.land


.lat


.latino


.law restricted


.lawyer


.lds


.lease


.legal


.lgbt restricted

Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender


.life


.lifeinsurance


.lifestyle


.lighting


.like


.limited


.limo


.link


.live


.living


.law restricted


.llc

Limited Liability Company


.llp

Limited Liability Partnership(s)


.loan


.loans


.locker


.lol


.london geoTLD

London
London: City in and capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland



.lotto


.love


.ltd

Limited


.ltda

Aimed primarily to Companies in Latin America who have chosen the Legal form of LTDA.

.ltda Domains are only available to companies which are recorded at the responsible authorities as:


- Sociedade Limitada, (Portuguese: Limited Society), or

- Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (Spanish: limited Liability Company); or

- Compañía de Responsabilidad Limitada (Spanish: Limited Liability Company).


.luxe

Luxe: French for "luxury"


.luxury

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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M


.madrid geoTLD

Madrid
Madrid: City in and capital of Spain

Madrid: ciudad y capital de España


.mail


.maison

Maison: French for "house"


.makeup


.man


.management


.maori.nz geoSLD

Maori
Maori: the Indigenous people and language of New Zealand



.map


.market


.marketing


.markets


.matrix


.mba

MBA: Master of Business Administration degree holders



.med


.media


.medical


.meet


.melbourne restricted geoTLD

Melbourne
Melbourne: City in the Australian state of Victoria



.meme


.memorial


.men


.menu


.miami geoTLD

Miami
Miami: City in the state of Florida, the United States of America



.mint


.mls

Multiple List Service - a software and database used  by Real Estate Agents and Brokers


.mma

MMA: Mutuelles du Mans Assurances
(French Insurance Company)



.mobi restricted


.mobile


.mobily


.moda

Moda: Italian for "fashion"


.moe


.moi

Moi: French for "me"


.mom


.money


.mormon


.mortgage


.moscow geoTLD

Москва
Moskva
Moscow
Moskva: gorod i stolitsa Rossiyskoy Federatsii
Moscow: City and capital of the Russian Federation
Москва: город и столица Российской Федерации


.moto


.motorcycles


.mov


.money


.music


.museum restricted

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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N


.nagoya geoTLD

名古屋
Nagoya

名古屋市 - 日本
Nagoya-shi - Nihon
Nagoya: City in Japan



.name conditions


.navy


.network


.new


.news


.ngo restricted

Non Government Organisation(s)


.ninja


.now


.nrw


Nordrhein-Westfalen
North Rhine-Westphalia
German state of: North Rhine-Westphalia


.nyc geoTLD

New York
New York City
City of: New York, United States of America


restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
conditions = Conditions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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O


.observer


.off


.office


.okinawa geoTLD

沖縄
Okinawa

沖縄市日本
Okinawa-shi Nihon
Okinawa: city in Japan


.one


.ong restricted

Non-Government Organisation(s)
Organisation non-Gouvernementale


.onl


.online


.ooo


.open


.orange


.organic restricted


.origins


.osaka geoTLD

大阪
Osaka

Ōsaka
大阪市日本
Ōsaka ichi Nihon
Osaka: City in Japan

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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P


.page


.paris geoTLD

Paris
Paris: city in, and capital of France

Paris: ville et capitale de la France


.partners


.parts


.party


.pay


.passagens

passagens: Portuguese for "passes" or tickets


.pet


.pets


.pharmacy restricted

Pharmacies
Pharmacists


.phd

Doctor(s) of Philosophy


.phone


.photo


.photography


.photos


.physio restricted

Physiotherapy
Physiotherapists


.pics


.pictures


.pid


.pin


.ping


.pink


.pizza


.place


.play


.plumbing


.plus


.poker


.porn


.post restricted


.press


.prime


.pro restricted

Professionals


.productions


.prof


.promo


.properties


.property


.protection


.pub

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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Q


.qpon


.quebec geoTLD

Quebec
Québec
Québec: ville et région du Canada
Quebec: city in and region of Canada

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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R


.racing


.radio


.read


.realestate


.realtor restricted


.realty


.recipes


.red


.rehab


.reise

Reise: German for "travel"


.reisen

Reisen: German for: "traveling" or "to travel"


.reit restricted

Real Estate Investment Trusts


.ren


.rent


.rentals


.repair


.report


.republican


.rest


.restaurant


.restaurants


.retirement


.review


.reviews


.rich


.rio geoTLD

Rio
City of: Rio de Janiero, Brazil

Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil


.rip

Rest In Peace
Potential use for remembrance


.rocks


.rodeo


.roma geoTLD

Roma
Rome
City of: Rome, Italy

Città di Roma, Italia


.room


.rsvp

French: Répondez s'il vous plaît


.rugby


.ruhr

Ruhr
Ruhr area in Germany

Ruhrgebiet in Deutschland
Ruhrgebiet region of Germany


.run

restricted = Registration restrictions apply
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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S


.saarland geoTLD

Saarland
Saarland: federal state or region of Germany

Saarland: Bundesland oder Region Deutschlands


.safe


.safety


.sale


.salon


.save


.sarl

French: Société à responsabilité limitée
Translated into English as: "Limited Liability Company"


.scholarships


.school


.schule

Schule: German for "School"


.science


.scot

Scot
Scottish

Scotland


.search


.secure


.security


.select


.services


.sex


.sexy


.shia


.shiksa

Hindi: शिक्षा
Hindi for: Education



.shoes


.shop


.shopping


.show


.showtime


.silk


.singles


.site


.ski


.skin


.sky


.sling


.smile


.soccer


.social


.software


.solar


.solutions


.song


.soy

Soy: Spanish for: "I am"


.spa


.space


.sports


.spot


.spreadbetting


.srl restricted

Sociedad de Responsabilidad
Società a Responsabilità Limitata

.srl is only available to companies that are SRL administered


.stockholm geoTLD

Stockholm
Stockholm: City in, and capital of Sweden

Stockholm: Stad i och Sveriges huvudstad


.storage


.store


.stream


.studio


.study


.style


.sucks


.supplies


.supply


.support


.surf


.surgery


.swiss

Swiss
Switzerland

Swiss language / nationality / culture


.sydney restricted geoTLD

Sydney
Sydney: city in Australian state of New South Wales



.systems

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographical Top Level Domain.

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T


.taipei geoTLD

台北
Táiběi
Taipei

台北市
Táiběi shì
City of Taipei


.talk


.tattoo


.tax


.taxi


.team


.tech


.technology


.tel restricted


.tennis


.thai

Thai
Thailand; Thai language and culture



.theater


.theatre


.tickets


.tienda

Tienda: Spanish for "shop" or "store"


.tips


.tires


.today


.tokyo geoTLD

東京
Tokyo

Tōkyō
東京都と日本の首都

Tokyo: City in, and capital of Japan


.tools


.top


.tours


.tow


.town


.toys


.trade


.trading


.training


.travel restricted


.travelerinsurance


.travelers


.trust


.tube


.tunes

restricted = registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain

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U


.uconnect


.university


.uno

Uno: Spanish for "one"

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V


.vacations


.vegas geoTLD

Vegas
City of: Las Vegas, the United States of America



.ventures


.versicherung

Versicherung: German for "insurance"


.vet

Vets
Veterinary
Veterinarians


.viajes

Viajes: Spanish for "travels" "voyages"


.video


.villas


.vin


.vip


.vision


.vlaanderen geoTLD

Flanders
Vlaanderen
Vlaanderen: the region of Flanders, Belgium



.vodka


.vote restricted


.voting


.voto

Voto: Italian for "vote"


.voyage


.vuelos

Vuelos: Spanish for "flights"

restricted = Restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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W


.wales geoTLD

Wales
Wales: a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain



.wang

Chinese Mandarin: 网
Meaning:
  • Portal;
  • Internet;
  • Network;

.watch


.watches


.weather


.web


.webcam


.webs


.website


.wed restricted


.wedding


.whoswho restricted


.wien geoTLD

Wien
Vienna
Vienna: City in Austria

Wien: Stadt in Österreich
Wien: Austrian for the city of: Vienna


.wiki


.win


.wine


.winners


.work


.works


.world


.wow


.wtc

WTC: World Trade Centers
Not available for Public Registration


.wtf

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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X


.xxx


.xyz

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Y


.yachts


.yoga


.yokohama geoTLD

横浜
横浜市
Yokohama

Yokohama-shi
日本の横浜市
Yokohama city
Yokohama: City in Japan


.you

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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Z


.zero


.zone


.zuerich geoTLD

Zurich
Zuerich
Zuerich: Swiss for the swiss city of: Zurich


geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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