Thursday, March 21, 2019

Long ReadHere UsingJoomla.com lists, alphabetically, a number of Generic Top Level Domain extensions. Also referred to as: gTLD.

Since the original generic Top Level Domains came into existence, many more have been born.

The original TLDs predate the formation of ICANN - the International Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers

Some domain extensions have no restrictions on who can register the domain, while other domain names have their domain name authority place restrictions on who can register domains within their control.

If there is any restriction - we place a superscript restricted (e.g: coop restricted ) against the TLD

Before deciding on a generic specific domain extension you are advised to find out what, if any, restrictions are applicable.

Food for thought:

If you are able to register a generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) you might consider your association with, or expertise in the what the domain represents.

For example, if you have a beauty business, would yourname.beauty (yourname [dot] beauty) be suitable for you? Of course - replace "yourname" with your given name. For example, if your name is Sarah: sarahs.beauty

Or, if you run a cafe, perhaps something along the lines of yourname.cafe (your name [dot] cafe, might be an option, for example if your name is David: davids.cafe

You might want to choose a generic Top Level Domain if you have an affinity with a target market.

Please note that not all of the following gTLD extensions are available to register immediately, and not all Domain Registrars are able to accommodate registration of some, any, or all domain extensions. So if you have an interest in a particular generic Top Level Domain (gTLD or TLD) you may find it necessary to shop-around a number of Domain Registrars.

The purpose of providing this list here is to give you some "food-for-thought" in what might be possible.

The gTLD extension usually appears at the end of your domain name.

New Domain Names are being launched at any given time.

The Domain Name launching process is typically in three phases - each phrase can be given different names but typically you will see, or hear, of the following three phase names:

  1. Sunrise Phase (also known as the:Trademark Holder Phase) - lasting at least 30 days. This gives Trademark holders (as registered with the Trademark Clearinghouse) to register a Domain Name that matches their trademark;
  2. Landrush Phase (also known as: Early Access Period, or Pre-registration period) - this usually follows the Landrush Phase giving non-trademark holders an opportunity to register a domain name. If more than one person, business, company, or entity attempts to register the same domain name an auction can be held to determine who is able to finally be the registrant. This phase may sometimes run at the same time as (that is: parallel with) the Sunrise Phase. This phase is not mandatory and the launch process may go straight to the General Availability Phase after the Sunrise Phase;
  3. General Availability Phase - This is an open ended phase and is when Domain Names are generally registered on a first-come-first-served basis.

This article is provided in good faith and believed to be correct at time of writing. We shall update this article as we become aware of additions or changes.

At time of writing, some of the Top Level Domain names listed are in different stages of the Domain Name process - not all are in the General Availability Phase so if something is attractive to you then you might need to pay a premium to secure your preferred Domain Name.

We also have a separate list of geographic Top Level Domains (geoTLD) - but we list those here in this list as well and have super-scripted them geoTLD


Alphabetical index: select a letter to go straight to that lettered section.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Original Top level Domains (TLDs)

Extension Use
.com Commercial
.edu Education
.gov USA Government Agencies
.int International Organisations
.mil USA Military
.net Network
.org Organisation


A

.abogado * restricted
(Spanish for: Attorney)
.abudhabi geoTLD
.academy
.accountant
.accountants
.active
.actor
.ads
.adult restricted
.aero restricted
(Aerospace related)
.africa geoTLD
.agency
.airforce
.alsace geoTLD
.amsterdam geoTLD
.analytics
.and
.android
.antivirus
.apartments
.app
.aquitainegeoTLD
(French region of: Aquitaine)
(Region d'Aquitaine)
.arab geoTLD
.archi restricted
.are
.army
.art
.arte
(Spanish for: Art)
.asia geoTLD
.associates
.attorney
.auction
.audible
.author
.auto
.autoinsurance
.autos

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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B

.baby
.band
.bank restricted
.banque restricted
(French for "bank" is: banque)
.bar
.barcelona geoTLD restricted
.barefoot
.bargains
.baseball
.basketball
.bayern geoTLD
.bcn
.beats
.beauty
.beer
.berlin geoTLD
.best
.bestbuy
.bet
.bible
.bid
.bike
.bingo
.bio
.biz restricted
.black
.blackfriday
.blockbuster
.blog
.blue
.boats
.bom
(Bom: Translates to Portuguese for: Good)
.boo
.book
.booking
.boots
.boston geoTLD
.bot
.boutique
.box
.broadway
.broker
.brussels geoTLD
.budapest geoTLD
.build
.builders
.business
.buy
.buzz
.bzh restricted

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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C

.cab
.cafe
.call
.cam
.camera
.camp
.cancerresearch
.capetown geoTLD
.capital
.car
.caravan
.cards
.care
.career
.careers
.carinsurance
.cars
.casa
(Italian for "home" or "house" is: casa)
.case
.cash
.casino
.cat geoTLD
.catalonia geoTLD
.catering
.catholic
.center
.ceo
.cern restricted
.cfd
(Used for information about: Contracts For Difference - CFD)
.channel
.charity
.chat
.cheap
.christmas
.church
.cipriani
.circle
.city
.claims
.cleaning
.click
.clinic
.clinique
(French for: "hospital" "clinic" is: clinique)
.clothing
.cloud
.club
.coach
.codes
.coffee
.college
.cologne geoTLD
.community
.company
.compare
.computer
.condos
.construction
.consulting
.contact
.contractors
.cooking
.cool
.coop restricted
.corp
.corsica geoTLD
.country
.coupon
.coupons
.courses
.credit
.creditcard
.cricket
.cruise
.cruises
.cymru geoTLD
(Welsh for "Wales" is: Cymru)

restricted = registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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D

.dad
.dance
.data
.date
.dating
.day
.dds geoTLD
.deal
.dealer
.deals
.degree
.delivery
.democrat
.dental
.dentist
.desi
.design
.dev
.diamonds
.diet
.digital
.direct
.directory
.discount
.dish
.diy
.docs
.doctor
.dog
.doha geoTLD
.domains
.dot
.download
.drive
.dubai geoTLD
.duck
.durban geoTLD

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain

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E

.earth
.eat
.eco restricted
.education
.email
.energy
.engineer
.engineering
.enterprises
.epost
(German for "email" is: epost)
.equipment
.esq restricted
.estate
.eus
.events
.exchange
.expert
.exposed
.express

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.

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F

.fail
.faith
.family
.fan
.fans
.farm
.farmers
.fashion
.fast
.feedback
.film
.final
.finance
.financial
.financialaid
.fire
.fish
.fishing
.fit
.fitness
.flights
.florist
.flowers
.fly restricted
.foo
.food
.foodnetwork
.football
.forsale
.forum
.foundation
.free
.frl
(.frl GeoTLD targeting the Frisian people of Friesland and Frisians living in other parts of The Netherlands and abroad who identify themselves with the Frisian culture)
.frontdoor
.fun
.fund
.furniture
.futbol
(Spanish for "football" is: futbol)
.fyi
(Has references to: For Your Information)

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.

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G

.gal geoTLD
(Galacia, regions between Central and Eastern Europe)
.gallery
.game
.games
.garden
.gay
.gdn
(No official use - but could reference: Global Domain Name)
.gent geoTLD
(City of Gent, Belgium)
.gift
.gifts
.gives
.glass
.global
.gmbh
(Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung)
(Company with limited liability)
(Only for Business in countries using the gmbh as part of their corporate name)
.gold
.golf
.got
.graphics
.gratis
(Spanish for "Free" is: gratis)
.green conditions
.gripe
.grocery
.group
.guide
.guitars
.guru

conditions = Conditions apply.
geoTLD = geographical Top Level Domain.

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H

.hair
.halal
.hamburg geoTLD
.hangout
.haus
(German for "house" is: haus)
.health
.healthcare
.heart
.help
.helsinki geoTLD
.here
.hiphop
.hiv
.hockey
.holdings
.holiday
.home
.homegoods
.homes
.homesense
.horse
.hospital
.host
.hosting
.hot
.hotel
.hoteles
(Spanish for "hotels" is: hoteles)
.hotels
.house
.how

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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I

.ice
.icu
.ieee
.immo
.immobilien
(German for "real estate" is: immobilien)
.inc
.indians
.industries
.ink
.institute
.insurance
.insure
.international
.investments
.irish
(Could be used to promote an Irish brand or Irish culture or Irish heritage)
.islam
.ismaili
.istanbul geoTLD

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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J

.jetzt
(German for "now" is: jetzt)
.jewelry
.jobs restricted
.joburg geoTLD
(Johannesburg)
.jot
.joy
.juegos
(Spanish for "games" is: juegos)

restricted = Restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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K

.kaufen
(German for "buy" or "to buy" is: kaufen)
.ketchup
.kid
.kids
.kim
.kinder
(German for "children" is: kinder)
.kitchen
.kiwi geoTLD
(Colloquial name given a New Zealander or person of New Zealand)
.koeln geoTLD
(Cologne - Germany)
.kosher
.krd geoTLD
(Kurdistan region of Iraq)

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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L

.land
.lat
.latino
.law restricted
.lawyer
.lds
.lease
.legal
.lgbt restricted
(Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender)
.life
.lifeinsurance
.lifestyle
.lighting
.like
.limited
.limo
.link
.live
.living
.law restricted
.llc
.llp
.loan
.loans
.locker
.lol
.london geoTLD
.lotto
.love
.ltd
.ltda
.luxe
(French for "luxury" is: luxe)
.luxury

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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M

.madrid geoTLD
.mail
.maison
(French for "house" is: maison)
.makeup
.man
.management
.maori.nz geoSLD
(Indigenous people of New Zealand)
.map
.market
.marketing
.markets
.matrix
.mba
.med
.media
.medical
.meet
.melbourne restricted geoTLD
.meme
.memorial
.men
.menu
.miami geoTLD
.mint
.mls
.mma
.mobi restricted
.mobile
.mobily
.moda
(Italian for "fashion" is: moda)
.moe
.moi
(French for "me" is: moi)
.mom
.money
.mormon
.mortgage
.moscow geoTLD
.moto
.motorcycles
.mov
.money
.music
.museum restricted

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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N

.nagoya geoTLD
.name conditions
.navy
.network
.new
.news
.ngo restricted
.ninja
.now
.nrw
.nyc geoTLD
(New York City)

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
conditions = Conditions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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O

.observer
.off
.office
.okinawa geoTLD
.one
.ong restricted
.onl
.online
.ooo
.open
.orange
.organic restricted
.origins
.osaka geoTLD

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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P

.page
.paris geoTLD
.partners
.parts
.party
.pay
.passagens
(Portuguese for "passes" or tickets is: passagens)
.pet
.pets
.pharmacy restricted
.phd
.phone
.photo
.photography
.photos
.physio restricted
.pics
.pictures
.pid
.pin
.ping
.pink
.pizza
.place
.play
.plumbing
.plus
.poker
.porn
.post restricted
.press
.prime
.pro restricted
.productions
.prof
.promo
.properties
.property
.protection
.pub

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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Q

.qpon
.quebec geoTLD

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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R

.racing
.radio
.read
.realestate
.realtor restricted
.realty
.recipes
.red
.rehab
.reise
(reise is German for: travel)
.reisen
(German for: "traveling" or "to travel" is: reisen)
.reit restricted
.ren
.rent
.rentals
.repair
.report
.republican
.rest
.restaurant
.restaurants
.retirement
.review
.reviews
.rich
.rio geoTLD
(Rio de Janiero)
.rip
(Rest In Peace)
(Potential use for remembrance)
.rocks
.rodeo
.roma geoTLD
(Rome)
.room
.rsvp
(French: "Répondez s'il vous plaît"
(Translating to "Respond please" in English)
.rugby
.ruhr
.run

restricted = Registration restrictions apply
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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S

.saarland geoTLD
.safe
.safety
.sale
.salon
.save
.sarl
(French: Société à responsabilité limitée)
(Translated into English as: "Limited Liability Company")
.scholarships
.school
.schule
(German for "School" is: schule)
.science
.scot
.search
.secure
.security
.select
.services
.sex
.sexy
.shia
.shiksa
.shoes
.shop
.shopping
.show
.showtime
.silk
.singles
.site
.ski
.skin
.sky
.sling
.smile
.soccer
.social
.software
.solar
.solutions
.song
.soy
(Spanish for: "I am" is: soy)
.spa
.space
.sports
.spot
.spreadbetting
.srl restricted
(Sociedad de Responsabilidad)
(Società a Responsabilità Limitata)
(.srl is only available to companies that are SRL administered)
.stockholm geoTLD
.storage
.store
.stream
.studio
.study
.style
.sucks
.supplies
.supply
.support
.surf
.surgery
.swiss
.sydney restricted geoTLD
.systems

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographical Top Level Domain.

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T

.taipei geoTLD
.talk
.tattoo
.tax
.taxi
.team
.tech
.technology
.tel restricted
.tennis
.thai
.theater
.theatre
.tickets
.tienda
(Spanish for "shop" or "store" is: tienda)
.tips
.tires
.today
.tokyo geoTLD
.tools
.top
.tours
.tow
.town
.toys
.trade
.trading
.training
.travel restricted
.travelerinsurance
.travelers
.trust
.tube
.tunes

restricted = registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain

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U

.uconnect
.university
.uno
(Spanish for "one" is: uno)

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V

.vacations
.vegas geoTLD
(Las Vegas)
.ventures
.versicherung
(German for "insurance" is: versicherung)
.vet
.viajes
(Spanish for "travels" "voyages" is: viajes)
.video
.villas
.vin
.vip
.vision
.vlaanderen geoTLD
(Flanders, Belgium)
.vodka
.vote restricted
.voting
.voto
(Italian for "vote" is: voto)
.voyage
.vuelos
(Spanish for "flights" is: vuelos)

restricted = Restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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W

.wales geoTLD
.wang
.watch
.watches
.weather
.web
.webcam
.webs
.website
.wed restricted
.wedding
.whoswho restricted
.wien geoTLD
(Vienna)
.wiki
.win
.wine
.winners
.work
.works
.world
.wow
.wtc
.wtf

restricted = Registration restrictions apply.
geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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X

.xxx
.xyz

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Y

.yachts
.yoga
.yokohama geoTLD
.you

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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Z

.zero
.zone
.zuerich geoTLD
(Zurich)

geoTLD = geographic Top Level Domain.

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